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Development of the national Virtual Observatory based on robotic telescopes, Big-Data technologies, and high-performance computing


In 2021 Fesenkov Astrophysical Institute launched a program dedicated to the development of the national virtual observatory. The Program is funded by the Science Committee of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

The idea of the Program is to advance astronomical research in Kazakhstan to a new technological level, to integrate instrumental capabilities and observational data of Kazakhstani observatories into the international astronomical environment, and to provide data access and services to external users. The implementation of the program will increase the efficiency of observational and numerical studies in Fesenkov Astrophysical Institute, while external users will benefit from the program as they will be able a) to apply for automated observations and computational jobs, both for numerical simulations and for data analysis; b) to access stored observational data and the results of numerical simulations.

The process of using observational and computing resources will be fully automated. After determining the priority of approved application, the observational or computational jobs of the external user will be queued and then will be processed in a fully automated form. The system itself will determine which tool to use, at what time and in what mode the observation will be carried out, taking into account weather conditions, object visibility at different times, etc. When applying for computational tasks, the system will allocate the required number of processor cores, GPU cards, the amount of RAM, and then launch the task in accordance with its priority and availability of resources.

This online resource will serve as the digital platform for the Virtual Observatory. The project is due to be fully operational by the end of the year 2023.


Fesenkov Astrophysical Institute,
Observatory 23, 050020
Almaty, Kazakhstan


Phone: +7 727 260 75 90
Fax: +7 727 260 75 90